Informații


Starea actuală


Modern research of landslides in the Republic of Moldova has started by the beginning of 20th century and are tied up with geological and hydrogeological researches realized by O.K. Lange (1916‐1917), F.S. Poruchik (1916), F.V. Krassovsky (1916). They emphasized that wide distribution of landslides, appeared under the impact of such factors: geological structure, hydrogeological conditions, and positive precipitation anomalies. As a result of the realized works classification of the landslides by age, moving mechanism, and form. In the period between 1918 and 1940 mainly engineering works were being realized with the purposes of slope stabilization on the roads and railways. After the World War II, the phase of wide geomorphologic research of landslides appeared. In the series of works (Kamanin, 1953; Obidientova, 1955; Geydeman et al., 1955; Rymbu, 1960; Verina, 1957 etc.), general characteristics of geological and geomorphologic conditions, which contribute to landslide development, were taken into consideration.


Justificare


There has been an increasing interest in natural hazard assessments within the scientific community, particularly in the last two decades. An important indicator of this situation may be declaration of the decade between 1990 and 2000 as the “International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction” by the UN in 1989. In other respect, when Figure 1 is examined, there is also a dramatically rising trend in the number of natural hazards. Growing population and expansion of settlements and lifelines over hazardous areas have largely increased the impact of natural disasters both in industrialized and developing countries.


Criterii de succes


With respect to existing knowledge in the groups, Turkish Team is highly experienced on the landslide mapping and assessments, and they have a lot of papers published in international and national journals. Moldavian team has also quite good knowledge and experience for accomplishing the Project’s objectives.

Key researchers have huge experience in geological and geomorphological researches: field research, deductive‐logical and statistical‐mathematical methods, mapping and remote sensing. They have significant experience in conducting works tied up with collecting information about landslides, as well as in generalizing information about particularities of landsliding processes on plain territories, formed by argillaceous deposits (territories, similar to Central Moldavian highlands).

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